Study of drug mediated effects in mice: Histology based findings

Mehwish Altaf, Sidra Hasnain, Razi Ullah, Wasim Khan


Aackground: Drugs induce numerous kinds of pharmacological effects in different body organs. For protecting organs from damage and destruction from drugs, the study of such effects is extremely important. Rapidly accumulating experimental data has opened new horizons for a comprehensive re-conceptualization of chemical modulated changes in histological features of body tissues.

Methods: In this study we studied dextromethorphan, ethanol, methanol and midazolam induced changes in histological specimen from different organs in post-treated mice.

Results: No pathological changes were observed in heart, liver and kidney by administering dextromethorphan at a dose of 61 mg/kg. While, ethanol causes pathological changes in heart, liver and kidney tissue at high dose i.e. 2000 mg/kg. Gross Pathological changes were observed in heart, liver and kidney by giving midazolam at a dose of 200 mg/kg.

Conclusion: Dextromethorphan showed lesser side effects and is less toxic as compared with other drugs, such as, ethanol, methanol and midazolam. Lesser toxic effects were observed when drugs were administered alone, but in combination, these drugs produced higher toxic effects.

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