Epidemiology, incidence and mortality of Nasopharynx Cancer in Southeast Asia: an update report

Thuan Duc Lao, Thuy Ai Huyen Le


Background: Nasopharyngeal cancer, with a distinct geographical and racial distribution, is the common neck and head cancer. Knowledge about the ecological factors including incidence, mortality, and so on, is important to find out the best way for its prevention in future. The aim of current study was to find out the incidence(-ASR), mortality(-ASR) of nasopharyngeal cancer and its correlation between those factors with HDI as well as its components in Southeast Asian countries in 2018.

Methods: The data of the incidence(-ASR), mortality(-ASR), Human development index (HDI) were extracted from the GLOBOCAN project and Human Development Reports database. The relationships were evaluated by using Pearson Correlation Coefficient method.

Results: In Southeast Asian region, incidence of 34,681, and mortality of 22,231 were recorded. The high incidence and mortality were related to medium human development countries. The significant positive correlations were observed between HDI with incidence-ASR (r = 6.25, p = 0.04) and mortality-ASR (r = 0.38, p = 0.26). No significant correlations were found between HDI component with incidence-ASR and mortality-ASR, except for the relationship between incidence-ASR and GNI/capita (r = 0.71, p = 0.02).

Conclusion: The nasopharyngeal cancer is native to Asian region, includes Southeast Asian countries. The highest incidence and mortality were recorded in medium HDI countries.

Keywords: Nasopharyngeal cancer; Epidemiology; Ecology, Southeast Asia

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