Public awareness of the coronary artery disease and its risk factors in the population of Hail region, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

S.M.A. Shahid, Tarig A.N Ginawi, Mohd Adnan Kausara, Mohammad Kuddus, Fahaad S.H. Alenazi, Ahmed Hameed Alreshidi, Jaser Sultan Alshamari, Dhari Abdulkarim Alquwaiay, Wael Saleh Alanazi, Abdulaziz Muflih Alghaithi, Rian Mohamed Bnyan Al Amri, Saleh Ali Saleh Alsanea, Mohammed Rubayyi Alruwaytie, Khalil Ibrahim Alanazi, Hussam Salem Alshammari, Mohd Saeed


Background: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a severe cardiovascular complication prevalent in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The risk factors of this disease are so high that it became one of the major causes of mortality among middle-aged individuals. This study aimed to investigate the degree of awareness about risk factors for CAD among the Hail region population.  

Methods: The study was carried out in the Hail region, Saudi Arabia, from April 2020 to May 2020. Data collected from five hundred and thirty-seven participants participated through an online survey. The process of selection of participants was through volunteer testing and an online review poll that was disseminated to them to complete. No limitations on age or sex were applied to the surveys.

Results: Awareness of TV watching (88.5%), smoking (87.9%), lack of physical activities (78.4%) and family history of CAD (74.7%) as the leading cause of CAD has a notable higher percentage among the studied population whereas the family history of diabetes mellitus (51.6%), having diabetes mellitus (57.7%), family history of hypertension (65.7%) and family history of hyperlipidemia (69.1%) have the lowest percentages. Regarding the gender, the male participants have the poorest awareness degrees about risk factors for the CAD.

Conclusion: The study revealed that the family history of hyperlipidemia, Family history of DM, having DM and family history of hypertension have the poorest degrees of awareness of the risk factors for CAD among the studied population.

Keywords: Coronary artery disease; Risk factors; Awareness; Hail region

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