Influence of In-ovo Administration of Electrolyte on Eggs of Broiler Breeder During Perinatal Period and its Impact on Subsequent Broiler Performance

Khwaja Yasir Imtiaz, Nasir Mukhtar, Arfan Yousaf, Javed Iqbal, Tanveer Ahmad


Background: The perinatal period (final some days of pre-hatch to initial some days of post-hatch) is mainly critical moment during the growth of hatchling because it is a evolutionary  time during which the hatchling undertakes catabolic, anabolic and physiological transfers from the consumption of egg components to external diet. Though, with the present endeavor of viable hatcheries as well as in view of instance to shift and release of hatchling to poultry farms, the hatchlings are unavoidably displayed to delay rationing from 48 to72 hrs. Consequently, tardy dieting, hatchling undergo deprivation as well as allocate the restricted deposits of nutrition food substances for maintenance of temperature modulation as well as anabolism & catabolism that hampers growth performance. In-ovo injection of nutrient (like, electrolytes) during last period of incubation can be applied as an approach to overcome above mentioned constraints.

Methods: A total 240 broiler breeder (Ross-308) fertile eggs were set in incubator trays representing 60 eggs for each treatment. A 200-μL electrolyte mixture solution (comprising NaCl 3.5g, KCl1.5g, Na3C6H5O7 2.9g and dextrose 20g) with volumes of 100, 500 or 1000ml insertion treatment as well as non-injected control were incorporated during this trial. The mixtures of electrolytes solutions with different concentration is used in all treatments with dose of 200-μL into amniotic fluid of hatching eggs at day 18 in hatchery, and subsequent hatchability, blood profile and post-hatch performance were examined.

Results: The results showed that none of the injections exhibited substantial (p > 0.05) influences on hatch rate or body weight (BW) at hatch, 3d as well as10d post hatch. Likewise, plasma refractive index (PRI), plasma triglyceride as well as glucose contents at d 3 & 10 were not influenced (p > 0.05) through any insertion treatments. Body weight gain (BWG), feed consumption and feed conversion ratio (FCR) throughout period at 0–32 weeks were also not influenced (p > 0.05) by in-ovo administration of the upgraded electrolyte mixture.

Conclusion: This study envisaged that tested electrolyte mixture fluids were showed safe and sound for the incipient and hatchlings. It may be proposed that electrolyte mixtures possess ability intended for usage in blend with other electrolytes, nutrition food substances as well as encourages to the viable insertion of broiler hatching embryos for the advancement of incipient and initial post-hatch chick growth as well as advancement.

Keywords: Electrolyte; In-ovo; Hatchability; Growth performance

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